霹雳虎品牌字由河南少林嵩阳书院书画研究院院长、少林文功第三十二代传陈鹏大师亲笔!

 

 

 

 

2015年9月1日开始,嵩阳书院正式成为霹雳虎的文化学习基地!

每年霹雳虎会带领学员们来此深入体验少林禅宗文化。

 

 

嵩阳书院简介:

嵩阳书院位于河南郑州登封市嵩山脚下,与少林寺隔壁相望,是我国古代高等学府,它与湖南长沙的岳麓书院,江西庐山的白鹿洞书院,河南商丘的睢阳书院,并称我国古代四大书院。院内有汉封“将军柏”,人称稀世珍宝,门外有大唐碑,素有“嵩山碑王”之称。周柏唐碑互相挺峙映衬,为古老的书院增添了古韵清幽。


 

嵩阳书院以理学著称于世,以文化赡富、文物奇特名扬古今,名人来此讲学授业、游访览胜者,古往今来络绎不绝,

诚如诗人闻山所云:

嵩阳书院名天下,司马范程亦大家。

周柏唐碑稀世宝,颓垣依旧有光华。


 

 

 

古之“清华园”——嵩阳书院

简洁中不失雅致,古朴中尽透书香。幽幽古琴弹拨秦汉古韵,修竹掩映童叟围棋对奕。依嵩山峰峦环拱,面双溪流水潺潺,碑廊曲回,松柏庇荫。古色古香、原汁原味的古代书院全貌尽现眼前。置身期间仿若闻听“之乎者也”声,“人之初 性本善```”余音在耳,直引得好文弄墨者不禁朗声吟咏。不久前洛阳书法家协会主席杨洁游览嵩阳书院时,就挥毫泼墨“青灯黄卷依旧 晨钟暮鼓尤存”。好一幅儒学福地洞天,实为论诗作画的绝好场所。这就是今日之嵩阳书院,古代的高等学府,中国新儒学的发祥地之一,是北宋以来历代名儒讲授经典的教育场所。


 

书院是我国封建社会特有的一种教育组织,在我国古代教育史上占有重要而独特的地位和产生过举足轻重的影响。位于河南省登封市城北三公里处的嵩阳书院,近千年的讲学史及其作为儒家学派的象征,使其当然的成为其中的佼佼者。


 

嵩阳书院对传播中华民族文明和培养造就人才发挥了重要的教育作用,而它优越的位置,亦为嵩阳书院的兴盛造就了良好的地理条件。它西临九朝古都洛阳,东接五代汴梁开封,在传统文化以儒学思想为主流、重视文治的古中国,在文采出众即可拔得头筹、金榜提名的时代,众多学子远足跋涉来此求学,以期求得功名,而嵩阳书院无疑是最佳场所。它的崛起对古代教育的普及、社会风气的改善,民族意识的培养,栋梁人才的选拔有不可替代的历史意义。使儒学思想得到进一步孕育,使传统知识分子忧患意识进一步提高,因而嵩阳书院亦可谓古代之“清华园”。清康有为亥年冬曾题“育英学社”,现刻于碑嵌于嵩阳书院碑廊。


 

嵩阳书院始建于北魏太和八年(公元484年),时名“嵩阳寺”,为佛教场所,僧众达数百人。隋炀帝大业年间改名“嵩阳观”,为道教场所。五代周时,更名“太乙书院”,进士庞式在此讲学。至宋代,文风日盛,宋太宗重视文治,御赐为“太室书院”。宋仁宗时,令重修书院,赐名“嵩阳书院”,并赐良田百亩,以维持常年经费,为来此听课的学生提供膳食。登封太守还奏设院长掌管院务。宋神宗时,嵩阳书院名声日高,生众多达数百人。据宋人吕东莱在《白鹿洞书院记》中云:“国初海内向平,文风四起,儒生往往依山林即闲旷以讲授,大率多至数十百人,嵩阳、岳麓、睢阳(应天府)、白鹿,天下所谓四大书院者。”宋人把书院排为国之四大书院之首,其兴盛程度可见一斑。而著名理学大师程颐、程颢,著名政治家司马光(其巨著《资治通鉴》的一部分就完成于嵩阳书院)、范仲淹在嵩阳书院的授课,更吸引的慕名者络绎不绝。求学者不远千里,在膳食不缺、名师循循善诱下,出现了不少优秀才子。试举一例:清康熙辛卯年,全省在开封选拔举人,名额一县一人,嵩阳书院就中五人。在嵩阳书院讲堂的门楹两侧刻有一副对联:满园春色催桃李一片丹心育新人 即道出了书院当时之风范。因而称嵩阳书院为古之“清华园”当名副其实。


 

纵观嵩阳书院的历史,在某种程度上亦是中国儒学发展的缩影,在儒学几乎成为中华民族传统文化名词的时代,培养了一代又一代人,其地位不言而喻,是中国古代儒学教育史上熠熠生辉的一颗明珠。

今日之嵩阳书院,作为教育基地已永远载入史册,它的历史使命已有所改变,成为游览观光的旅游胜地,它的一草一木、一砖一瓦都仿佛在向游客诉说着千年的儒学文化和历史让后人至今依然能感受中国古代文化,依然能感受这座古时“清华园”的昔日风采。

 

嵩阳书院书画研究院官网: www.songyangacademy.com

 

Brief Introduction of Songyang Academy

Songyang Academy was located in Deng Feng City, Henan Province, China. It was an institution of higher education in ancient China. Together with the Yuelu Academy in Changsha, Hunan Province, the Bailu Dong Academy on Lunshan Mountain in Jiangxi Province, and the Suiyang Academy in Shangqiu, Henan Province, it was one of the four great academies in ancient China.

 

The academies were a unique form of higher education in the society of China. The system appeared in the Tang Dynasty, reached its peak in the North Song Dynasty, and came to an end at the end of the Qing Dynasty, which was only about 100 years ago.


 

You can see the style of the Qing Dynasty in the layout of the academy. More than 500 rooms still exist so far in the academy.


The Great Tablet

Outside the gate, there is a tablet inscription of the Tang Dynasty which is called the "King Tablet of Songshan Mountain". The very old trees and tablet are just two of the ancient relics in this ancient academy.

The General Cypresses

 

In the yard of the academy there are two weirdly shaped giant "General Cypresses" that were planted in the Han Dynasty, which stand opposite to each other. One of them is separated from the middle of the trunk and the other is resting on the wall. Some experts and scientists said that these two cypresses can still live for about 1,000 years.

The 5 Areas in the Academy

Firstly, the Xianshi Temple is a place where teachers and masters of the past are enshrined. Behind it is the lecture hall and then the Daotong Temple. And behind the Daotong Temple lies the Book Collection Building. The rooms on both sides are book rooms, classrooms and so on. On the walls of the bungalows in the yard, there are inscriptions of the scholars of the past dynasties. The content and calligraphy of those inscriptions have their own characteristic styles. In the west, some buildings stand which were used as classrooms and examination rooms during the Qing Dynasty.

History

Songyang Academy was called Songyang Temple in the past. Songyang Temple was created in the 8th year of Taihe, during the reign of Emperor Xiaowen of the Northern Wei Dynasty. The temple had several hundred monks, and Songyang Temple used to be where Buddhist activities were held.

During the years of Daye, in the reign of Emperor Yang of the Sui Dynasty, the temple's name was changed to Songyang Taoist Temple, and it was where Taoist activities were held. In the 2nd year of Jinghu, during the reign of Emperor Renzong of the Song Dynasty, the Songyang Taoist Temple became the Songyang Academy, a major Confucian academy. Then, the Songyang Academy was an educational institution where famous scholars gave lectures on classics.

At the end of the Ming Dynasty, the Songyang Academy was destroyed in the war. Emperors of the Yuan Dynasty, the Ming Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty all helped to build the Songyang Academy. Once, the Songyang Academy had over 1,750 mu of land, several hundred students and more than 2,000 books.

At the end of the Qing Dynasty, the Imperial Civil Examination System was abolished and new schools were set up. As a result, the Confucian academic system that had a history of over 1,000 years came to an end. However, as a bright pearl in the educational history of ancient China, the Songyang Academy would be written into the annals of history.

 

Song Yang Academy Website: www.songyangacademy.com

 


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